Name: Ulrike Krauss
Address: P O Box GM 1109, La Borne, Saint Lucia, Tel.: 7134308, E-mail:
Date of birth: 19 March 1964
Nationalities: German & Saint Lucian
Civil status: Married
PhD Biology; Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom (Jan 1991 – Dec 1993)
BSc Agricultural Microbiology,; School of Agriculture, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom (Oct. 1988 – July 1990); 1st Class Honours, Garton Prize of Agriculture
Certificate in Tropical Crop Production and Vordiplom Biology, Georg-August University of Göttingen, Germany (Oct 1984 – July 1988), 1st Class
Over 20 years post-doctoral experience in natural resource management throughout the Caribbean and Latin America, covering a broad professional portfolio including management, research, training and outreach, particularly:
- Management of projects (PRINCE 2 Certification, Practitioner level, SPOCE Project Management Ltd., UK, Dec. 2007), research stations including financial management, teams (Jenison E-Learning Solutions, UK, 2009), and quality (Caribbean Systems Ltd., Barbados, 1994); institutional strengthening, and disaster management
- Natural resource management: Biodiversity: Conservation, sustainable use; NBSAP review; Climate change adaptation: Indicator development, coastal zone protection, watershed management, MEA reporting; Invasive species management: prevention, classical biocontrol, impact mitigation, legislation and trade, biosecurity; Protected area management: research and policy review
- Production and protection of tropical crops; agroforestry and diversification:, commodities, tree crops, post-harvest technology, integrated crop and pest management, biocontrol, seed technology, soil science
- Knowledge management: Facilitation skills and participatory approaches: Organization and facilitation of international events workshops, using participatory consultative approaches; Internet resources: networking and databases; Teaching and presentation skills at all levels: from postgraduate curriculum development to extension. Pedagogic training (Edinburgh University, UK, 1991 and CATIE, Costa Rica, 2000) and “Best Teacher Award” in the Faculty of Ecological Agriculture, CATIE, Costa Rica (2000/2001)
Languages skills: 1 - excellent; 5 - basic
German (mother tongue) & English
French, Dutch, Portuguese & Papiamento
May 2015 – present
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Roster for Expert Review Support Consultants with specialization in Biodiversity Planning and language mastery in English and Spanish
Sept. 2014 - present
World Union for Conservation (IUCN)
Contribute to Commission for Ecosystem Management (CEM) thematic groups (1) Ecosystems and Invasive Species, (2) Red List of Ecosystems, and (3) Island Ecosystems
June 2014 - present
Independent and Palm Integrated Services and Solutions (PISS) Ltd.
Senior Consultant and Director
Drafting of Selected TORs to Support Project Implementation in Saint Lucia, OECS Project for Island Resilience, Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), 30 November 2015 – 29 February, 2016
Action Plan for the Management of IAS in the OECS Region. OECS, 12 August – 30 September, 2015
Researcher, Point Sables Environmental Protected Area, Climate Resilient Eastern Caribbean Marine Managed Areas Network (ECMMAN), Saint Lucia National Trust, 1 July – 31 October 2015
Adopt a River – A Tree Planting Project to Restore and Rehabilitate River Banks, Improve Water Quality and Quantity in the Isnare/Talvan River. Project Planning Consultant, Babonneau Youth Synergy, 20 April – 20 May, 2015
Bilingual Facilitator, 16 March – 30 April, 2015: Regional Forum on Solutions for Oceans, Coasts and Human Well-Being in Latin America and the Wider Caribbean Region, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Cancún, Mexico, 14–17 April 2015
Harmonization of Protocols for Movement of Plant Germplasm Across the Region, Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), 21 March – 21 July & 7 Dec., 2015
Project author in Watershed Management Planning and Coastal Protection for Climate Change Adaptation in the Caribbean, GFA Consulting Group GmbH, 19-27 March & 20-24 August, 2015
Development of Bio-Physical and Socio-Economic Indicators on Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Dec 2014, Ministry of Sustainable Development, Energy, Science and Technology (MSDEST)
Facilitator 3rd Caribbean workshop under the ABS Capacity Development Initiative, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Rodney Bay, 24-27 Nov., 2014
Management of award-winning eco-tourism project at Maison du Soleil https://www.airbnb.com/rooms/708677
Nov. 2013 - June 2014
Ministry of Sustainable Development, Energy, Science and Technology
Terrestrial Ecosystems Specialist
Preparation of project documentation for the GEF-funded “Iyanola - Natural Resource Management of the NE Coast” full-sized national project proposal for Saint Lucia, under the focal area Biodiversity.
Sept. 2013 – March 2014
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Project Author (Consultant)
Preparation of national sub-project documentation for the GEF-funded “Integrating Water, Land and Ecosystems Management in Caribbean SIDs” (GEF-IWEco) full-sized project proposal for St Kitts & Nevis, St Vincent & the Grenadines, and Trinidad & Tobago
Nov. 2009 - Sept. 2013
Ministry of Sustainable Development, Energy, Science and Technology
(up to Dec 2011: Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry & Fisheries)
Invasive Species Coordinator
Coordinate the implementation of the St. Lucian component of a GEF-funded, regional project “Mitigating the Threat of Invasive Alien Species on the Insular Caribbean”. Co-authored Saint Lucia National Invasive Species Strategy (NISS) 2012-2021.
Represented Saint Lucia/the insular Caribbean in the CBD technical experts' groups.
Moderator and owner of Caribbean IAS Threat Yahoo Group http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/carib_ias_threat/
June – July 2010
Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry & Fisheries
Environmental Education Consultant
Coordinate, analyse and interpret baseline awareness survey on invasive alien species (IAS) in St. Lucia to inform the strategic approach of a public awareness campaign and create a basis for monitoring of evaluation of interventions.
April 2010 – Feb. 2011
Banana Industry Trust
Advise the EC-funded project “The Rehabilitation and Expansion of the Cocoa Industry in Saint Lucia”
July 2008 – July 2009
CABI Caribbean & Latin America
Invasive Species Coordinator
Manage and implement a range of invasive species-related projects in the Caribbean and Latin America region, most notably development and coordination of implementation of the above-mentioned GEF project as well as a UNEP CEP–commissioned desk study on “Marine Invasive Species in the Wider Caribbean”
June 2006 – July 2008
CABI Caribbean & Latin America
Co-Director and Regional Representative
Provide leadership in the provision of information and application of scientific expertise to solve problems in the Caribbean and Latin America with the mission to improve peoples’ lives in that region. Daily multitasking included management of:
- projects from development to implementation, monitoring and evaluation, including regional ones driven by member and non-member countries
- knowledge: regional coordination, GAP analyses, moderation of two and participation in several e-groups, sharing of lessons learnt
- a multidisciplinary and multiethnic team, including remote members, while reporting to a decentralized group of superiors and peers in Kenya, Switzerland and the UK myself
- a small research station in Trinidad: operational planning within the framework of CABI’s global operating plan; coordinating the implementation of work plans and monitoring the quality, timeliness and cost-effectiveness of deliverables; fundraising and growth throughout the mandate region; human resources; and facilities.
May 2005 – June 2006
CABI Caribbean & Latin America
CONACADO & CABI Bioscience
Consultancy on post-harvest processing of organic cocoa. Confederación Nacional de Cacaocultores Dominicanos (CONACADO)
Nov. 1998 – June 2006
CATIE & CABI Bioscience
Associate Research Professor in Integrated Crop Management (ICM)
Project Coordinator and Team Leader in the Faculty of Agriculture, Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE). Main tasks were:
- Research and development in ICM in cocoa and coffee in diversified agroforestry systems, with field trials in remote and often indigenous communities of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama
- Desk study on sustainability indicators for the Common Code of the Coffee Community (4C), covering the environmental, economic and social axes of sustainable development in Central America
- Coordination of Central American component of global project “IPM Advisory Group: Advancing IPM for Development” on tropical fruits and vegetables
- Post-graduate teaching, including (co-)supervision of four PhD. and four M.Sc. theses
Jan. 1997 – June 1998
Tingo María, Peru
UNAS & CABI Bioscience
Visiting Professor in Plant Pathology and Technology Transfer
Based at the Universidad Nacional Agraria de la Selva (UNAS), Tingo María, Peru, I headed a diversification and training project in the world’s largest illicit coca-producing area. I supported capacity-building through curriculum development, pre- and post-graduate teaching, supervisions, and institutional strengthening of the extension department.
Jan. 1994 - Dec. 1997
WIBDECO & Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK
Based at Windward Island Banana Development Company (WIBDECO), St. Lucia, West Indies, I headed the sub-regional “Banana Crown Rot Project.” Serving ca 25,000 smallholders in Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia and St. Vincent & the Grenadines, I was involved in the multidisciplinary development of improved quality management and of safer and more environmentally friendly post-harvest handling methods.
Trainer for Trainers
Induction of future trainers for undergraduate courses in Agriculture.
Trainer for Trainers
Teaching and co-organisation of “The SADC Regional Groundnut Pathology Training Course”.
Oct. 1991 - July 1993
Practical teaching (part time) in undergraduate courses in Biology, Microbiology, and Computing
- Writing and editing skills: prepared over 100 publications, 16 consultancy reports, research for, and substantive design contributions to, over 40 project proposals that won over 110 million US$ in funding; edited two books and peer reviewed approximately 50 manuscripts;
- Communication and negotiation skills including leadership & team development, training & facilitation, and customer service (Jenison E-Learning Solutions, Southampton, UK, 2009)
- Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs): Policy analysis, mainstreaming, capacity-building, particularly CBD and Protocols. Biosafety: Clearing House Mechanism (UNEP/GEF, June 2012).
- Modelling in agroforestry, DfID and CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica (1999)
- Statistics for professionals, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica (1999)
- Applications of molecular tools in agriculture and forestry sciences, CATIE, Costa Rica with the University of Purdue, Indiana, USA (2003)
- Computer literacy: Office suite, internet resources for knowledge management, data processing, statistics (GENSTAT, SAS, Statistica, and InfoStat), and on-line marketing
- Driving licence classes A, B, B1, C & D; extensive off-road experience; equally adept in left- and right-hand traffic
- First aid certificate (1981); rescue swimmer certificate in bronze (1976) and silver (1980); open water PADI diver (2013); training in handling a high snake risk (2004)
Relevant Publications and Consultancy Reports
Flood J, ten Hoopen M, KRAUSS U, Akrofi A (2015) Root infecting fungi attacking Theobroma cacao. In: Cacao Diseases: A History of Co-Evolution and Adaptation to Introductions (B Bailey & L Meinhardt, Eds.), Springer (in press)
KRAUSS U (2015) Workshop Report and Action Plan for the Management of IAS in the OECS Region. OECS Reducing the Risks to Human and Natural Assets Resulting from Climate Change (RRACC) Project, Castries
KRAUSS U (2015) Harmonization of Protocols for Movement of Plant Germplasm across the Region. Technical Report and Proposal for Adoption by COTED/CARICOM. Agriculture Policy Programme, Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI).
Ten Hoopen GM, KRAUSS U (2015) Biological Control of Cocoa Diseases. In: Cacao Diseases: A History of Co-Evolution and Adaptation to Introductions (B Bailey & L Meinhardt, Eds.), Springer (in press)
KRAUSS U, Isidore L, Jn Baptiste T, Lesmond S, James M, Hunt S, Petersen L, Dornelly A, Joseph A, William- Peter S, Morton M, John L, Bobb M (2014). Maintaining Offshore Islands IAS-free as Strategy for Protecting Endangered Endemic Species in Saint Lucia. Closing Symposium for GEF project “Mitigating the Threat of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean”, Port of Spain, Trinidad, 30 March – 3 April, 2014.
KRAUSS U, Isidore L, Mitchel N, Seely L, Alfred P, Ramessar A, Johnny A, Joseph B, James M, Dornelly A, Breuil M, Barbara Vuillaume 4, Morton M, John L, Bobb M (2014) Assessment of Control Methods for Invasive Alien Iguanas in Saint Lucia. Closing Symposium for GEF project “Mitigating the Threat of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean”, Port of Spain, Trinidad, 30 March – 3 April, 2014.
KRAUSS U (2013) Invasive Alien Species Management in St. Lucia and Caribbean Partner Countries, Invited paper presented at the symposium “Terrestrial Biodiversity of the Lesser Antilles”, Direction Régionale de l’Environnement (DIREN), Fort de France, Martinique, 8-11 Nov., 2010, Actes de Colloque international. Biodiversité insulaire (J-L Verneire & M Burlac, Eds), pp 196-206, http://www.side.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/simclient/consultation/binaries/stream.asp?INSTANCE=EXPLOITATION&EIDMPA=IFD_FICJOINT_0009772
KRAUSS U, John L (2013) The development of a Voluntary Code of Conduct for the Tourism Sector (TS VCoC) with Species Reference to Invasive Alien Species (IAS) - a successful public-private effort. Invited oral paper at the symposium "Invasive Alien Species in the Caribbean: Recent Advances and Best Practices in Prevention, Control, Eradication and Monitoring to Restore Habitats and Minimize Impacts for Birds", annual meeting of the Society for Conservation and Study of Caribbean Birds (SCSCB) in Grenada, 31 July, 2013
Chase V, Felix M-L, Mathurin G, John L, Andrew MG, Lewis D, KRAUSS U (2011) Saint Lucia National Invasive Species Strategy 2011-2021. Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry and Fisheries, Castries, Saint Lucia, pp 72, http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/NISS-SLU-final-reformat-v6.pdf
George A, KRAUSS U (2011) The Rehabilitation and Expansion of the Cocoa Industry in Saint Lucia, Final Technical Report, SFA 2005/SLU/BIT/013/0912/LC, Castries, Saint Lucia, pp. 130.
KRAUSS U (2011). Public-Private Stakeholder Workshop on Invasive Ornamental Plants. The Voice http://www.thevoiceslu.com/features/2011/november/26_11_11/Public.htm
KRAUSS U (2010a) Critical Situation Analysis (CSA) of Invasive Alien Species (IAS) Status and Management, Saint Lucia, 2010, carried out under the project Mitigating the Threats of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean. UNEP/GEF Project No. GFL / 2328 – 2713-4A86, GF-1030-09-03, Forestry Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry and Fisheries, Union, pp 103, http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/CSA-final-version-of-2011.pdf
KRAUSS U (2010b) Invasive Alien Species (IAS) Awareness Baseline Survey, Saint Lucia, 2010, carried out under the project Mitigating the Threats of Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean. UNEP/GEF Project No. GFL / 2328 – 2713-4A86, GF-1030-09-03, Forestry Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Forestry and Fisheries, Union, pp 55, http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/Saint-Lucia-IAS-Awareness-Survey-2010.pdf
Vos JGM., Page SLJ, KRAUSS U (2010) Participatory approaches and plant diseases in less developed countries. In: Knowledge and Technology Transfer for Plant Pathology, N Hardwick, ML Gullino (Eds), The Food and Environment Research Agency, Sand Hutton, UK, pp. 17-31.
Lopez V, Vos J, Polar P, KRAUSS U (2008) Discovery Learning about Sustainable Management of Whitefly Pests and Whitefly-Borne Viruses. CABI Caribbean and Latin America, Trinidad & Tobago, pp 341.
Vos JGM. Page SLJ, KRAUSS U (2008) Knowledge transfer through farmer participatory training and research. Invited oral paper presented at the International Conference on Plant Protection (ICPP), Torino, Italy, August 24-29.
Seier M, Lopez V, KRAUSS U, Djeddour D, Murphy S (2007) A Regional Approach to Invasive Alien Species in the Insular Caribbean with relevance to Overseas Territories. “Invasive Species in the UK Overseas Territories” workshop, Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC), Peterborough, 28 June 2007. PDF-version available at: http://www.jncc.gov.uk/pdf/OTpres2007_06_28CABIGEFpresentationbyMarionSeir.pdf
KRAUSS U, ten Hoopen GM, Hidalgo E, Martínez A, Stirrup T, Arroyo C, García J, Palacios M (2006) The effect of cane molasses amendment on biocontrol of frosty pod rot (Moniliophthora roreri) and black pod (Phytophthora spp.) of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) in Panama. Biological Control 39, 232-239.
Schroth G, KRAUSS U (2006) Biological soil fertility management for tree-crop agroforestry. In Biological Strategies For Sustainable Soil Systems, N Uphoff, A Ball, E Fernandes, H Herren, O Husson, M Laing, C Palm, J Pretty, P Sanchez, N Sanginga, J Thies (Eds.), CRC Press, pp 291-303.
Ten Hoopen GM, KRAUSS U (2006) Biology and control of Rosellinia bunodes, Rosellinia necatrix and Rosellinia pepo: a review. Crop Protection 25, 89-107.
Baker PS, KRAUSS U (2005) Indicators for the 4C Process. Commercial in Confidence for Kraft Foods, pp 35.
Bateman RP, Hidalgo E, García J, Arroyo C, Ten Hoopen GM, Adonijah V, KRAUSS U (2005) Application of chemical and biological agents for the management of frosty pod rot (Moniliophthora roreri) in Costa Rican cocoa (Theobroma cacao). Annals of Applied Biology 147, 129-138.
KRAUSS U, Baker P (2005) Trying best practices in sustainable coffee. Invited, oral paper at the Coffee Agronomy Meeting, CATIE, Costa Rica, 31 March-1 April.
Baker P, KRAUSS U (2004) Indicators for the 4C process – Initial considerations based upon deskwork, correspondence and semi-structured off-the-record interviews. Invited, oral paper SAI Platform Working Group on Coffee, Matagalpa, Nicaragua, 11-13 Nov., 2004.
KRAUSS U (2004) Diseases in Tropical Agroforestry Landscapes - the Role of Biodiversity. In Agroforestry and Biological Conservation in Tropical Landscapes, G Schroth, GAB Fonseca, CA Harvey, C Gascon, HF Vasconcelos, AMN Izac (Eds.), Island Press, pp 397-412.
Vos JGM, KRAUSS U (2004) Working with farmers. In Cocoa Futures, J Flood, R Murphy (Eds.), CABI Commodities Press, Cali, Colombia, 141-149.
KRAUSS U, George A (2002) Un Mini-Beneficiado Húmedo para Pequeños Productores de Café en el Perú. Manejo Integrado de Plagas y Agroecología 65, 65-74.
Vos JGM, KRAUSS U, Petithuguenin P, Perreira L, Nanga C (2002) Achieving a more efficient transfer of technologies. Oral paper Global Co-ordination Group on Sustainable Cocoa Economy, ICCO, London, UK, 21 March. PDF-version available at www.cabi-comodities.org (resource center).
KRAUSS U, Soberanis W (2001a) Rehabilitation of diseased cocoa fields in Peru through shade regulation and timing of biocontrol measures. Agroforestry Systems 53(2), 179-184.
KRAUSS U, Soberanis W (2001b) Biocontrol of cocoa pod diseases with mycoparasite mixtures. Biological Control 22, 149-158.
KRAUSS U, Soberanis W, Jarra J (2001) Evaluation of FHIA Hybrids in Comparison with Local Musa Clones in a Black Sigatoka-free Area of Eastern Peru. InfoMusa 10(1), 21-26.
Guiracocha G, Harvey C, Somarriba E, KRAUSS U, Carillo E (2001) Conservación de la biodiversidad en sistemas agroforestales con cacao y banano en Talamanca, Costa Rica. Agroforestería en las Américas 8(30), 7-11.
KRAUSS U, Soberanis W (2000) Control de pudriciones de poscosecha con extracto de mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum). Manejo Integrado de Plagas 57, 23-28.
KRAUSS U, Johanson A (2000) Recent advances in the control of crown rot of banana in the Windward Islands. Crop Protection 19, 151-160.
Schroth G, KRAUSS U, Gasparotto L, Duarte Aguilar JA, Vohland K (2000) Pests and diseases in agroforestry systems in the humid tropics. Agroforestry Systems 50, 199-241.
KRAUSS U, Figueroa R, Johanson A, Arévalo E, Anguiz R, Cabezas O, García L (1999) Musa clones in Peru: classification, uses, production potential and constraints. InfoMusa 8 (2), 19-26.
Arévalo E, García L, KRAUSS U, Ríos R, Zúñiga L, Adriazola J (1999) Mejoramiento genético para el control de enfermedades del cacao en el Perú. In Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Contribution of Disease Resistance to Cocoa Variety Improvement, INGENIC, Salvador, Bahía, Brazil, 24-26 Nov., 1996, pp 127-133.
KRAUSS U, Hebbar PK (Eds., 1999) Research Methodology in Biocontrol of Plant Diseases with Special Reference to Fungal Diseases of Cocoa CATIE, Costa Rica, 28 June - 4 July, 1999, pp 159.
Orchard J, KRAUSS U (1999) Scope for organic management of postharvest diseases and disorders of bananas. In Organic Banana 2000: Towards an Organic Banana Initiative in the Caribbean, M. Holderness, S. Sharrock, EA Frison, M Kairo (Eds.), International Workshop on the Production and Marketing of Organic Banana by Smallholder Farmers, Boca Chica, Dominican Republic, 30 Oct.-03 Nov., 1999, pp 151-153.
Soberanis W, Ríos R, Arévalo E, Zúñiga L, Cabezas O, KRAUSS U (1999) Increased frequency of phytosanitary pod removal in cacao (Theobroma cacao) increases yield economically in eastern Peru. Crop Protection 18, 677-685.
Evans HC, KRAUSS U, Ríos R, Zecevich T, Arévalo E (1998) Cocoa in Peru. Cocoa Growers’ Bulletin 51, 7-22.
KRAUSS U, Bidwell R, Ince J (1998) Isolation and preliminary evaluation of mycoparasites as biocontrol agents against crown rot of banana. Biological Control 13, 111-119.
KRAUSS U (1996) Control of Crown Rot of Bananas. Final Technical Report of NRI/WIBDECO Crown Rot Project, R5697, Dec., 1996, Roseau, St. Lucia.
Reid E, St Rose M, KRAUSS U, Fagan H, Ramine C (1996) Improving the Quality of Windward Island Bananas - A Discussion Paper. WIBDECO Technical Services Division, Roseau, St. Lucia, Feb., 1996.
KRAUSS U (1994) Spore movement of Mucor hiemalis in the rhizosphere of groundnut in natural field conditions. Poster and published paper: Seed Treatment - Progress and Prospects, T Martin (Ed.), British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, UK, pp 339-344.
KRAUSS U (1993) Natural Senescence of Roots of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and Relation to Parasitic Infection. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Edinburgh, Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, Edinburgh University, UK, pp 180.
KRAUSS U (1992) Pathological techniques. In The SADC Regional Groundnut Pathology Training Course, P Subrahmanyam (Ed.), SADC/ICRISAT Groundnut Project, Lilongwe, Malawi, March 16-25, pp 90-100.
Main field of expertise:
Name of organisation:
Type of organisation:
Main project your organisation is involved with, in relation to (sub)tropical biodiversity:
PISS is dedicated to providing a wide range of agricultural and environmental services, advice and training to clients world-wide, specifically in:
- Ecosystem Services
- Agriculture and Agroforestry
- Integrated Pest Management / Biocontrol
- Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
- Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity
- Invasive Species Management
- Property Management and Real Estate
- Eco- & Edu-tourism
- Project Management
Both company Directors have advanced university degrees and considerable work experience in the above fields.